How does the NHS Operating Framework influence pharma’s engagement with the NHS?
Economics continues to dominate the healthcare headlines. There has been much conjecture in recent weeks about NHS spending and how crucial promises of a ‘ring-fenced’ NHS budget appear to have been broken. Treasury statistics show that frontline spending on the NHS has increased by £3.4 billion since last year. But opponents claim the £1.6 billion surplus reported by PCTs and SHAs in 2011/12 has not been ploughed back into the health service – breaking David Nicholson’s 2010 vow that ‘every penny’ saved by the NHS would be reinvested in patient care. The DH says the surplus is being made available in the 2012/13 budget. With the NHS facing up to the realities of the ‘Nicholson Challenge’, the political debate over healthcare spending will run and run.
The latest NHS Operating Framework clearly outlines the spending plans for 2012/13. It confirms that SHA/PCT surpluses will continue to be made available during 2012/13 and final year-end surpluses will be carried forward to the NHS Commissioning Board in 2013/14. PCT surpluses are expected to be made available to the relevant local health systems in future years. Conversely, PCTs carrying a legacy debt will be required to clear it during the year. Incoming CCGs will not be responsible for PCT legacy debt but they are expected to work closely together to ensure the situation does not arise.
PCT recurrent allocations will grow by at least 2.5% in 2012/13. PCTs are required to set aside 2% of their recurrent funding for non-recurrent expenditure. SHA clusters will hold these funds, with PCTs required to submit business cases to access them. The cost of organisational change during 2012/13 will need to be met from the 2%.
Tariffs and incentives
The framework outlines developments to the payment system in 2013, to incentivise the realisation of QIPP efficiencies and drive the quality and integration of services. Payment by Results has been expanded to encourage best clinical practice and better patient outcomes. Best practice tariffs are extended to:
- Incentivise more procedures being performed in a less acute setting
- Incentivise same-day emergency treatments where appropriate
- Increase the payment differential between standard and best practice care for fragility hip fracture and stroke
- Promote the use of interventional radiology procedures
Quality improvements are also incentivised in areas such as adult mental health, chemotherapy delivery, HIV services, podiatry, trauma, maternity care and paediatric diabetes. CQUIN is also being developed to provide a stronger incentive to deliver QIPP objectives. The amount providers will be able to earn for incremental quality increases above the standard contract will rise to 2.5% – across all standard contracts. Existing national goals for VTE risk assessment and responsiveness to the personal needs of patients will remain. In addition, two new national goals are introduced:
- Improving diagnosis of dementia in hospitals
- Incentivising the use of the NHS Safety Thermometer
Planning and accountability
The final chapter of the Operating Framework outlines the accountability arrangements for the final year of transition to the newly structured NHS. In 2012/13, the DH will continue to work through SHA clusters to hold PCT clusters to account – handing the baton for accountability over to the NHS Commissioning Board in April 2013. The framework warns that NHS organisations must improve the quality of services provided through the year, while delivering transformational change and maintaining financial stability – with under-performance likely to include ‘intervention from the centre.’
In 2012/13, the key accountability arrangements are:
- The current statutory framework – where SHAs and PCTs remain the statutory units of accountability
- The NHS Constitution – securing patient and staff rights
- Contracts between commissioners and providers
- CQC – regulating NHS providers
- Monitor – ensuring Foundation Trusts are meeting their terms of authorisation and delivering against priorities
The transition to the newly structured NHS is a dominant theme throughout the 2012/13 Operating Framework, and measures to plan for it within the current accountability arrangements are clearly articulated. In fact, given the ambitious nature and close proximity of the reorganisation, details around the planning arrangements for the final year of transition are surprisingly brief.
‘As the industry waits for clarification of individual CCG plans, broader strategies designed at PCT cluster level are already available.’
According to the framework, PCT clusters are each required to develop an integrated plan for the period 2012/13 to 2014/15. The plan should have a clear focus on quality and the national priorities outlined in the Operating Framework. The narrative should be supported by ‘data trajectories for each PCT’, and bring together elements around QIPP, finance, activity, workforce, informatics and transition to the new structure.
Shadow CCGs must support the plan, so they have a strong base on which they can develop their own planning for 2013/14. Likewise, the integrated plans need to reflect the outcomes of local Joint Strategic Needs Assessments. As with the NHS Outcomes Framework, emphasis is placed on integrating all care sectors – with PCT clusters urged to ensure that the public health transition elements of their plan are supported by local authorities.
Implications for pharma
The Framework stated that all PCT clusters’ integrated plans needed to be prepared – and approved by SHA clusters and the DH – by the end of March 2012. These plans are of major importance to pharma. They will contain vital information on the priorities, population needs and long-term ambitions of local health organisations. With the four-wave process to authorise 212 CCGs in England well under way, further data on the specific needs of individual local health organisations will emerge in the coming months. The requirement to publish Commissioning Intentions, updated JSNA and a whole variety of other forward-looking documentation as part of the authorisation phase promises to provide pharma with a comprehensive view of its market environment at the local level. But as the industry waits for detailed clarification of individual CCG plans, broader strategies designed at PCT cluster level are already available.
At a time when finances across the NHS are being squeezed yet the bar for quality and clinical outcomes is being raised, insight into the challenges facing key customers is a valuable commodity for medical sales professionals. The transition of the NHS to a new structure can be a catalyst for proactive medical sales professionals to improve their environmental monitoring, and significantly develop their understanding of customer need. The challenge for the industry is to ensure that key account managers speak in the same language – the same currency – as the customers with whom they seek to engage. The nature and scope of that currency is defined in national documentation such as the NHS Operating Framework and NHS Outcomes Framework, and within the vast local plans that are emerging as the NHS transition gathers pace. And well beyond it.
Success is about finding a common currency with your customers. The clues are out there.